Political science can be said to be the study of how a country, firm, institution or organization is managed. Most firms and countries basically seek to employ the best of personnel so as to stand in a good and solid position to be able to compete effectively with the outside world.
To be more precise, political segregation of ideas is the state where views from the minority and majority are seen to fall on two sides. Most importantly, the views or ideologies from the minority are seen or tagged: “useless” by the majority.
To bring us closer, we shall take a critical look at Ghana’s political set-up. There is a mass segregation of ideas from the ruling party who is termed majority and the opposition parties who are known as the minority. It is globally accepted that, every rule or decision taken by majority is and shall continue to be the best. This is because, it is believed that such a decision will serve the interest of majority in the state.
The question is: segregation of political ideas, a flaw?
When a political party fails to win power after an election, it is claimed they had the worst set of policies in their manifesto hence, not being able to buy the power of the electorates. The party that wins had the best set of policies. Is this always the case? Some Ghanaians ignorantly attack the personalities of these persons and blatantly render them not fit for the positions sought for.
We live in a country where the rate of literacy is very low hence, the need for certain disputes of national interest should best be communicated to those who fall in the illiteracy bracket by the literates. However, these literates tend to widen the gap by consciously misinforming the illiterate public about the dealing of the ruling government.
“Benkum guare nifa na nifa nso guare benkum”. This is a popular Ghanaian Akan quote which literally means; no one can live independently and that one way or the other, we shall need assistance.
Why then do we see this form of segregation in our country?
In the first place, the idea that majority rule is the best especially in a democratic state like Ghana falls a major factor why there is such segregation. In every democratic state, the government in power is said to have majority of the populace putting them there hence, whatever decision taken by that government is said to have been taken by that majority. This allows for the rejection of views and suggestions from the opposition who are obviously in the minority bracket.
Secondly, we can also look at ownership of projects and ideologies.
In this country, most of our governments even after serving two terms in office, never seem to accomplish all their policies and projects read out in their manifestos.
In my opinion, I see some of these policies to be very “wild wishes” that will need supernatural forces to achieve them. As a result they leave office with uncompleted projects. Should another government from the opposition take over, it means, “Let’s do our own”. Completing the projects of the former government has become a taboo for subsequent governments in this country. All we shall hear them say is, “after completion they would claim ownership and credit for it”. They do this, forgetting they are ruling in the interest and benefit of the people in the state and not their party members.
“It is we the CPP who proposed the project, ‘it is we the NDC who started it, ‘it is we the NPP who completed it”’. This is the kind of situation we face after every change in government.
Again, most governments in power seem to ignore suggestions or views from oppositions due to bitter rivalry. After Ghana entered its fourth republic 1992, we have seen changes in government till now. But how many different ones have we seen? The country have been turned into a two-party state – The National Democratic Congress and The New Patriotic Party.
These parties have shared power since that time and nothing seems to be changing that. This have resulted in a very huge rivalry between these two parties hence, compelling them to go that mile to win power.
Another reason why we are seeing such segregation is the competence factor.
Since the ruling government thinks it has majority of the electorates supporting them, they see their government competent enough to handle whatsoever situation and affairs of the state. They tend in way, mock the opposition parties by claiming they couldn’t win power since the electorates knew they were not competent enough.
In the early 2000 there was the existence of The Ministry of Food and Agriculture and The ministry of fisheries: The Ministry of Roads, Transport and Communication and The Ministry of Information. I then sat and asked myself, “isn’t fish also food and isn’t communication and information almost the same?
Why then create different ministries for them. We are only wasting resources and giving salaries to wrong people. I obviously did not have that knowledge alone. Dr Paa Kwesi Nduom, the former flag bearer of the CPP but now, that of the PPP also realized this. Since he had a greater platform and louder voice, he let it out. And uncharacteristically, something emerged from that pretty useful.
If we, as Ghanaians and patriotic politicians would look beyond the odds of majority view, ownership of projects, bitter rivalry and competence of other governments and focus on building a one solid independent Ghana, I believe Ghana as a country would be counted among not only the most democratic, peaceful and hospitable but also wealthy and developed States in the world considering all our resources.
Credit – Dongotey Henry